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These days, it is assumed that everyone has a basic understanding of how solar panels work — but that isn’t always the case. While most people understand that solar panels harness the sun’s energy and use it to power houses, office buildings, and facilities, the reality is that not many people know much about the technical side of things. As the preferred solar company for homeowners in Denver and Las Vegas, Zoetic Solar is here to give you a brief rundown of the process. That being said, here is how solar panels convert sun rays into usable energy!

Sunlight Collection

Obviously, solar energy comes from the sun, but exactly how do the solar panels on your house absorb this energy? Simply put, residential solar panels and solar shingles are made up of photovoltaic cells (PV cells) that contain polycrystalline and/or monocrystalline silicon, which collect sunlight in the form of photons or direct current (DC) energy. Together with anti-reflective coating and backing made of an aluminum conductive material, the crystalline silicon of PV cells attract and absorb optimal levels of solar power.

Energy Conversion

Once your home’s solar panels have collected the sunlight, they convert this DC energy into alternating current (AC) energy, which powers all of the fixtures, features, and appliances in your house. The component responsible for this energy conversion within the PV cells is the solar inverter. There are many different solar inverters to choose from nowadays, including string inverters (standard, centralized), microinverters (high performing, complex), and power optimizers (a middleman between the physical panel and the string inverter). Click here for more information about choosing the right solar inverter for your home solar system.

Usable Energy

Once the sunlight has been converted from DC energy to AC energy, the currents power your home. To determine the amount of usable energy absorbed, the currents are filtered through a net meter that measures intake and allows you to store excess energy in the power grid. But what happens if your residential solar panels don’t absorb enough solar energy to power your home? Nothing. You will never run out of solar energy because people who have solar panels for their homes have unlimited access through the shared energy grid — a major incentive to switch to renewable energy.

Go Green With Residential Solar Panels From Zoetic Solar

We hope that this blog post has given you a better idea of how solar panels collect, convert, and make use of sunlight — one of the Earth’s only unlimited sources of free energy. Now it’s time to consider whether residential solar panels make sense for you.

What was once a complicated and expensive endeavor has since been streamlined with recent technological advances in the solar industry, making residential solar panels an affordable and practical choice for homeowners across the country. This is especially true for those in Las Vegas, Denver, and the rest of the Front Range, as these areas have more than 300 sunny days in a year.

Ready to make the switch to solar? We can answer all your questions about residential solar panels, solar shingles, and more. Contact Zoetic Solar to get a free quote on a custom solar system for your home!